Philodendron Rojo Congo
A unique cultivar of philodendron called “Rojo Congo” was created in Florida in keeping with the increased demand among home gardeners for tropical aroids that can be grown inside. They are really lovely plants that give the interior space a dash of elegance and the exotic.
Imperial Red and Philodendron Tate were crossed to create Philodendron “Rojo Congo.” Because it is a self-supporting self header, you won’t need to add a bulky moss pole or stakes to support this plant. With its upright, burgundy-green, oval leaves, it forms a gorgeous rosette.
Be aware that pets may be poisoned by the plant. Given how simple congo rojo philodendron upkeep is, even beginners can take care of this plant with basic instruction. Having said that, you should gain the fundamentals so you don’t lose this plant by casual errors.
Care for Philodendron “Rojo Congo”
Philodendron “Rojo Congo” can be grown well in conditions that range from 65 to 80°F (18 to 27°C). They can handle brief periods of drought, but for luxuriant growth I would suggest constant hydration. Just keep in mind that the plant hates wet soil and that it usually dies from it. As a result, the potting soil must be extremely porous, airy, and well-draining. It is preferable to have bright light or dappled sunshine and a humidity level above 50%.
The soil philodendron “Rojo Congo” is intended for indoor cultivation. A crucial component of this plant’s foundation is the potting soil. All other features of the Philodendron “Rojo Congo” will operate naturally if you get this part perfect. Use soil that is loose, crumbly, porous, and has adequate drainage to allow the plant’s roots to breathe. It could be perlite, coco chips, bark fragments, tiny gravel, sand, or anything else that is coarse and chunky.
Additionally, the mixture must retain moisture without becoming soggy. You may do this by using a lot of organic matter, which not only keeps the soil moist but also feeds the plant. Since these plants are epiphytic in nature, they survive by feeding on organic waste that accumulates around their roots.
Fresh peat moss, coco peat, or sphagnum moss are my top recommendations. As an alternative, you can add organic content to the substrate using sterile leaf litter, kitchen compost, cow manure, etc. A 50/50 split between organic and inorganic components is optimum.
Purchasing a high-quality cactus mix and peat is one Philodendron “Rojo Congo care hack if you find everything here to be too complex.
For maximum growth, the Light Philodendron “Rojo Congo” needs lots of indirect sunshine. It is clear from the wide, dark-green leaves that this is a plant that thrives in bright shade. In fact, prolonged, intense shadow causes the plant to lose its red leaf coloring.
An east window or west window site would be best for growing congo Rojo philodendron inside. According to my own experience, the plant won’t be harmed even if it is exposed to some direct sunshine for about 30 minutes during the day. But because the sun burns the leaf, it won’t thrive in direct sunshine.
In the winter, this plant is under fluorescent lights for roughly 12 hours a day if you reside in a cold climate.
According to my observations, irrigation is a crucial aspect of Philodendron “Rojo Congo” maintenance. The plant can be killed by either too much or too little water. The following advice can help you water these hybrid kinds.
In comparison to naturally occurring philodendron species that are adapted to survive times of drought. Philodendron “Rojo Congo” care necessitates a tiny bit more moisture. Your plant will require a different watering cycle depending on the exact living conditions you give it.
The soil type, climate zone, current conditions, plant position, ambient humidity, and weather are all elements that have an impact on the watering cycle. So, here is a little test you may perform. Pinch the top soil about an inch or two down. Go ahead and water your plants if it’s dry.
When kept indoors during the summer, this amounts to around once every three days. Winters need you to make reductions.
Keep in mind that for frequent irrigation, the soil must be completely loose and well-draining. It must yield and crumble easily between your fingertips when pinched. Your plant will be secure as long as that holds true.
If you reside close to the equator, you have it easy because Philodendron “Rojo Congo” needs the warm air of the tropics. Nevertheless, this cultivar is heated-room tolerant and has been bred for indoor cultivation.
Although it can tolerate temperatures as high as 95°F (35°C), the ideal ambient temperature for this plant is between 65 and 80°F (18 and 27°C). This does not imply that you place your plant in front of your radiator or subject it to extreme temperature swings. Place the plant in filtered light and drink enough water if it gets too warm.
There is no tolerance for frost in these plants. The plant dies at temperatures below 55°F (13°C). As a result, you must keep them inside over the winter and away from drafts of chilly air.
This tropical hybrid does well in a moist setting. The dryness of air-conditioned spaces must be endured by this plant when Philodendron “Rojo Congo” is grown indoors all year.
I would suggest aiming for a humidity level of at least 50% for the optimum effects. Don’t obsess over it, though. Simply mist the plant with water once or twice a week, or clean the foliage with a sponge dipped in water. Always use a humidifier during the dry months.
As long as the soil moisture is at its ideal level, you don’t need to worry excessively about humidity. A small amount of air dryness won’t harm the plant. However, if you can provide the humidity your plants require, you’ll notice a noticeable improvement in their health.
I prefer not to use artificial fertilizers when growing Philodendron “Rojo Congo”. Only organic soil additions that function as efficient slow-release fertilizers are required for these plants.
All abundant sources of nutrients that plants require while also being completely harmless to them.
For this reason, especially for tropical evergreens like philodendrons, I favor organic plant feed over chemical fertilizers. After all, they only get slow-release nutrients in their natural settings.
One tip for caring for Philodendron “Rojo Congo” is to use rabbit, horse, cow, or chicken manure. Early in the spring, mixing them into loosened top soil greatly accelerates seasonally occurring growth.
A liquid foliage-boosting product is what I would suggest. Since liquids are simple to dilute, you should only use a chemical at a concentration that is one-third of the recommended level. If you fertilize, soak the soil completely. Winter feeding should end.
Philodendron Rojo Congo Propagation
Because climbing philodendron variants have discernible nodes, stem tip cutting is the traditional method of propagation. The rojo congo philodendron” hybrid was created to be a non-aggressive climbing houseplant.
Due to the lack of discernible internodes from which to take cuttings, these self-headers are also difficult to reproduce. In nurseries, they are often multiplied using tissue culture. Plants grown in tissue culture are notoriously difficult to reproduce.
To basically reproduce Philodendron “Rojo Congo,” you have to wait for other natural processes. When grown under ideal circumstances, this plant will eventually generate plantlets at the base. When they reach an appropriate size, these can be divided and potted separately.
We offer a step-by-step manual for propagating rojo congo philodendron.”
A fantastic indoor plant with a growth habit that is ideal for long-term growing in pots is the philodendron “Rojo Congo.” However, the plant can be extremely large both horizontally and vertically. It reaches a height of around 75 cm (30 inches), and a width of more than 1.1 meters (42 inches).
The broad, upright petioles that support the mature, burgundy-green leaves fan out. The plant takes up a lot of room and is not something I’d suggest for little New York-type flats. It works well as a focal point or highlight in office interiors. Another benefit is that it is a well-known air cleanser.
You’ll notice that the plant becomes top-heavy as it gets bigger, so you should plan your choice of planter accordingly. Pruning is unnecessary in philodendron “Rojo Congo” maintenance. To improve the appearance, simple regular removal of discolored leaves, stems, and aerial roots is sufficient.
Philodendron “Rojo Congo” needs to be grown in a rather large pot. A 15 inch (38 cm) terracotta or ceramic planter is the best container for an established plant.
You won’t need a large planter straight away if you purchase a young plant. But this plant develops quite quickly in its first two years. Therefore, you must repot your plant to a slightly bigger pot each year. It’s time to repot when the roots start to grow out of the drain holes or up the sides.
This plant’s roots have a propensity to encircle any soil fragments, such as brick fragments or pieces of bark. Additionally, it has aerial roots that improve the appearance of the plant.
How to Grow Philodendron Rojo Congo?
For home gardeners, the tissue culture technique botanists employ to cultivate Philodendrons “Rojo Congo” is not practical. But I’ll share a few strategies that have been successful for me. It is highly recommended that you propagate philodendron congo rojo in warm, humid weather. The best time is in the spring. This significantly raises the likelihood of success.
Philodendron Rojo Congo Propagation for further growth
With this approach, you essentially have to rely on the moods of nature. Most likely, you’ll need to hold off till the Philodendron “Rojo Congo” plant is fully grown.
- When the old leaves have withered away, you can search for tiny plantlets at the plant’s base where the stem is exposed.
- Wait until the plantlets are 4 to 5 inches tall, or until the stem becomes apparent.
- Pro tip: Depending on the growth conditions, this could take a month to three months. The plantlets grow more quickly when the mother plant is grown in a well-lit area.
- Pick a plantlet with aerial roots if possible.
- To spread the roots out, even more, employ the air-layering method (described below). It should take two to three weeks to air layer.
- When ready, remove the plantlet from the mother and place it in a separate soil-filled pot.
- Maintain normal care for your philodendron congo rojo.